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名人字画收购的规矩是什么?

来源:http://www.jinandayatang.com 发布时间:2021-07-28

字画,不论是立轴、屏、对联、手卷、册页,还是扇面、斗方,基本上属纸质品和丝织品两种,因为都含纤维质,所以具有吸湿性。装裱字画用过的糨糊,含有蛋白质和糖,这又是蠹虫赖以生存的食粮。
Calligraphy and painting, whether vertical axis, screen, couplet, scroll, album, fan and bucket square, basically belong to two kinds of paper products and silk products. Because they all contain fiber, they are hygroscopic. The paste used for mounting calligraphy and painting contains protein and sugar, which is the food for the survival of bark beetles.
一幅字画若不精心保管,就很容易遭受各种侵蚀,从而损坏变质。在中国的各行各业,为了能够保证大家的行业利益和平衡字画收购人之间的权益,基本上都有一个大家默认的规则,人们整天强调集体利益,但是在名人字画收购圈子里面还是有自己规矩,一言一行,举手投足都能说明入行的深浅和道行,给大家分享名人字画收购的规矩:
If a calligraphy and painting is not carefully kept, it is easy to suffer from all kinds of erosion, resulting in damage and deterioration. In all walks of life in China, in order to ensure everyone's industrial interests and balance the rights and interests of calligraphy and painting purchasers, there is basically a default rule. People emphasize collective interests all day, but there are still their own rules in the celebrity calligraphy and painting purchasing circle. Every word and every action can explain the depth and Taoism of the industry, Share the rules of celebrity calligraphy and painting acquisition:
一、古玩这一行其实祖师爷是范蠡,早期提出粮食布匹十分利,中药当铺百分利,古玩字画千分利的人。
1、 In fact, the ancestor of the antique industry is Fan Li. In the early stage, he proposed that grain and cloth were very profitable, traditional Chinese medicine pawnshops were 100% profitable, and antique calligraphy and painting were 1000% profitable.
二、藏古不富,识古不穷,是说一个人只会收藏,而不发挥字画应有的作用,那么他不是富有的人,只有那些能够辨别古董价值的人,他才是富有的,收藏学问很大,千万别万物伤志。
2、 It means that a person can only collect, but does not play the due role of calligraphy and painting. Then he is not rich. Only those who can distinguish the value of antiques are rich. He has great collection knowledge. Don't hurt his mind.
三、文物古玩是民族的文化传统,所谓传统七十二行,古玩大,因为这行讲究的眼力和学问,权利等等都不行,无为而至,吃亏就是交学费,返回找后账就是耍流氓。
3、 Cultural relics and antiques are a national cultural tradition. The so-called 72 traditional lines are big antiques, because this line pays attention to eyesight, knowledge, rights and so on. If you do nothing, you will suffer a loss by paying tuition fees, and if you return to find a back account, you will be playing hooligans.
凡收藏的字画,放在封闭的箱、橱、柜内,使字画能拥有一个稳定的有限空间,避免直接受侵蚀和污染。但这并不是说一旦放进去就万事大吉,因为它还是会受到侵蚀的,被虫蛀是常见的一种毁坏现象。大约每年5月左右,随着温度的升高,蠹虫也大量繁殖。防止的办法,可用樟脑丸或上海产的樟脑精块等类药物驱虫。使用时可以将樟脑药放在字画的周围。此药一年之中分期放二次,一次在3至4月,二次在10至11月,这样防虫效果更好。
All collected calligraphy and paintings shall be placed in closed boxes, cabinets and cabinets, so that calligraphy and paintings can have a stable limited space and avoid direct erosion and pollution. But this is not to say that once it is put in, everything will be fine, because it will still be eroded. Being eaten by insects is a common destruction phenomenon. Around May every year, with the increase of temperature, bark beetles also reproduce in large numbers. The method of prevention can be treated with camphor pills or camphor concentrate produced in Shanghai. When in use, camphor can be placed around calligraphy and painting. This medicine is put twice a year in stages, once from March to April and twice from October to November, so that the insect control effect is better.
尘埃也是字画的大敌之一。挂在墙上,或存放在箱、柜中的字画,同样会受到尘埃的影响,细小的尘埃沾在字画表面,遇到一定的湿度,它会成为不洁净的小颗粒,等小颗粒的水分蒸发,就会在画面上留下黄色斑点。
Dust is also one of the great enemies of calligraphy and painting. Calligraphy and paintings hung on the wall or stored in boxes and cabinets will also be affected by dust. When small dust is stained on the surface of calligraphy and paintings and meets a certain humidity, it will become unclean small particles. When the water of small particles evaporates, it will leave yellow spots on the picture.
除此之外,对字画保护还应注意,在欣赏观看时,不要用手指指点点接触画面,更应避免唾沫沾染。展开和收卷时不要将画折坏留下折痕。在收、拿、卷、挂字画时,一定要格外小心,动作要轻。
In addition, we should also pay attention to the protection of calligraphy and painting. When appreciating and watching, do not touch the picture with your fingers, but also avoid saliva contamination. When unfolding and winding, do not break the picture and leave creases. When collecting, taking, rolling and hanging calligraphy and paintings, you must be extra careful and move gently.