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鉴定古代书画的真伪并判断价值的方法

来源:http://www.jinandayatang.com 发布时间:2022-05-17

如今书画收藏成为越来越多人的兴趣爱好,市面上的古代书画存量十分有限,随之而来的就是,后代或现代人仿冒的赝品的大量涌入。那有没有什么方法可以鉴定古代书画的真伪并判断其价值呢?
Nowadays, calligraphy and painting collection has become the interest of more and more people. The stock of ancient calligraphy and painting on the market is very limited, followed by a large influx of counterfeit products from future generations or modern people. Is there any way to identify the authenticity of ancient calligraphy and painting and judge its value?
目视检查法
Visual inspection method
一般来说,考古的方法在很大程度上依赖于专家的丰富经验,他们可以通过古代书画的外观和配置来识别,即“目检”(通俗的说法,“目测”)。这是各大宝物鉴定程序中常用的鉴定方法。鉴定专家一般都有几十年的专业积累。他们会先根据自己的感性经验和视觉印象比较书画,然后根据艺术史的风格,以时代风格和个人风格为主要判断依据,然后从艺术,然后得出结论。
Generally speaking, archaeological methods largely depend on the rich experience of experts, who can be identified by the appearance and configuration of ancient calligraphy and painting, that is, "visual inspection" (commonly known as "visual inspection"). This is a commonly used identification method in the identification procedures of major treasures. Appraisal experts generally have decades of professional accumulation. They will first compare calligraphy and painting according to their perceptual experience and visual impression, and then draw a conclusion from art based on the style of art history, taking the style of the times and personal style as the main judgment basis.
这种方法的优缺点非常突出。诚然,专家可以快速鉴别古代书画,当场得出结论。但是,如果专家取证不小心“看错了”,或者假冒程度高到专家无法识别,那么专家就有可能得出“假”就是“真”的错误结论。真正的成功专家和失败专家。
The advantages and disadvantages of this method are very prominent. Indeed, experts can quickly identify ancient calligraphy and painting and draw conclusions on the spot. However, if the expert's evidence collection is not careful to "read wrong", or the degree of counterfeiting is so high that the expert cannot recognize it, then the expert may come to the wrong conclusion that "false" is "true". True success experts and failure experts.
字画鉴定评估
科学仪器法
Scientific instrument method
字画鉴定评估人员认为通过科学仪器鉴定古代书画的真伪,主要是比较墨水或颜料的化学成分和微观结构的差异。例如,在公安刑侦系统中,书画的真伪主要依靠光学显微镜和逻辑推理来比较表面形态。这是从微观结构的角度来说,可以有效鉴别一些字画的真伪,但是过于简单,难以鉴别。对于复杂的判断。
The appraisers of calligraphy and painting appraisal believe that the identification of the authenticity of ancient calligraphy and painting through scientific instruments is mainly to compare the chemical composition and microstructure of ink or pigment. For example, in the public security criminal investigation system, the authenticity of calligraphy and painting mainly depends on optical microscope and logical reasoning to compare the surface morphology. From the perspective of microstructure, it can effectively identify the authenticity of some calligraphy and painting, but it is too simple to identify. For complex judgments.
但是,对于一些微观结构上足够“真实”的字画来说,在显微镜下观察就有点“不够”了。这时,就需要在化学成分上寻找突破口。
However, for some calligraphy and paintings with "real" microstructure, it is a little "not enough" to observe under the microscope. At this time, we need to find a breakthrough in chemical composition.
纸张、油墨、颜料、助剂等材料的选择和使用会有差异,不同材料之间元素组成、化学结构、表面基团的种类、含量和分布也不同。对于这些差异,可以通过光谱学(如拉曼光谱、FT-IR光谱)等材料分析方法确定不同书画的化学成分,进而鉴别书画的真伪。显然,这种方法具有快速、准确、简单、无损等优点,为识别中国古代书画提供了一种有效的手段。
The selection and use of paper, ink, pigment, additives and other materials will be different, and the element composition, chemical structure, type, content and distribution of surface groups are also different between different materials. For these differences, the chemical composition of different calligraphy and painting can be determined by spectroscopy (such as Raman spectrum, FT-IR spectrum) and other material analysis methods, so as to identify the authenticity of calligraphy and painting. Obviously, this method has the advantages of fast, accurate, simple and nondestructive, and provides an effective means for identifying ancient Chinese calligraphy and painting.
有没有什么方法可以鉴定古代书画的真伪并判断其价值呢?答案自然是“有”。目前鉴定古代书画真伪的方法主要有两种,一种是传统的考古方法,另一种是科学仪器鉴定。以上便是两种方法的内容了,更多详细了解就来关注网站www.jinandayatang.com吧!
Is there any way to identify the authenticity of ancient calligraphy and painting and judge its value? The natural answer is "yes". At present, there are two main methods to identify the authenticity of ancient calligraphy and painting, one is the traditional archaeological method, the other is the identification of scientific instruments. The above are the contents of the two methods. For more details, please pay attention to the website www.jinandayatang.com Com!