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字画回收巧谈油画的保养措施

来源:http://www.jinandayatang.com 发布时间:2021-03-24

越来越多的人开始收藏油画,虽然说油画的保存时间很长,而且不容易坏,但是在收藏过程中也是需要保养的,如果没有合理的保养措施,可能会受到意外的损坏。在收藏油画过程中,名人字画收购建议大家应该要注意以下几个问题。
More and more people begin to collect oil paintings. Although oil paintings are kept for a long time and not easy to break, they also need to be maintained in the process of collection. If there is no reasonable maintenance measures, they may be accidentally damaged. In the process of collecting oil paintings, it is suggested that we should pay attention to the following problems.
一、储存油画的屋子要注意通风和防潮,尽可能离洗澡间、厨房远一些,注意防止灰尘、油烟对画布造成的损坏,房间内应保持一定的温度与湿度。受潮的画一定要慢慢阴干,切忌暴晒,否则画面容易脱落。
1、 The room where oil paintings are stored should pay attention to ventilation and moisture-proof. It should be as far away from the bathroom and kitchen as possible. It should pay attention to prevent the damage to the canvas caused by dust and oil fumes. A certain temperature and humidity should be maintained in the room. Damp paintings must be dried slowly in the shade, avoid exposure, otherwise the picture is easy to fall off.
二、一般油画可以保存二三百年,但随着时间的推移,有些油画在几十年后就可能出现龟裂。如果收藏品较多,可以把油画用塑料布包起来,放在木箱里,防止硬伤。
2、 General oil paintings can be preserved for two or three hundred years, but as time goes on, some oil paintings may crack after several decades. If you have a large collection, you can wrap the oil painting in plastic cloth and put it in a wooden box to prevent hard injury.
三、可在画布背面薄薄地涂上两层预先溶解在松节油中的天然蜂蜡,能完全防止潮湿空气的浸入而造成损害。油画切忌将两张画面对贴。卷油画时要使画布朝里,画面朝外,外面卷一层纸筒,然后再用塑料布裹上,防止画裂。
3、 Two layers of natural beeswax pre dissolved in turpentine can be thinly coated on the back of the canvas, which can completely prevent the damage caused by the immersion of humid air. Don't stick two pictures together in oil painting. When rolling the oil painting, make the canvas face inward, the picture face outward, roll a layer of paper tube outside, and then wrap it with plastic cloth to prevent the painting from cracking.
四、墙上挂的油画如果落上灰尘,可以用微湿的干净布轻轻地擦。如果油上面有油烟,可以用淡一点的肥皂水和清水轻轻地试着擦洗,然后迅速拿海绵把画面上的水吸干,再拿电风扇轻吹油画表面。如果遇到年代久、有龟裂的油画,一定要少用水,局部干擦即可。如果用专业的上光油为油画保养,在喷上光油之前,要用干净的布把画面擦干净。
4、 If the oil painting on the wall falls with dust, you can gently wipe it with a slightly wet clean cloth. If there is oil fume on the oil, you can gently try to scrub it with light soapy water and clean water, then quickly take a sponge to dry the water on the screen, and then use an electric fan to gently blow the oil painting surface. If you come across a long time, cracked oil painting, you must use less water, local dry rub can. If you use a professional varnish for oil painting maintenance, before spraying varnish, clean the picture with a clean cloth.
五、避免气温升高使画面粘连,导致油彩脱落、画面受损。油画要避免阳光的长期直射,因为紫外线对色彩的破坏性很大,会造成褪色和变色。
5、 Avoid the temperature rise to make the picture adhesion, resulting in paint off, damaged picture. Oil painting should avoid the long-term direct sunlight, because ultraviolet radiation is destructive to color, which will cause fading and discoloration.