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收购名人字画:如何通过纸质判别名人字画的真假呢?

来源:http://www.jinandayatang.com 发布时间:2020-12-07

古代的名人字画一般是在纸或绢上。因此,如果能对历代绢、纸有所了解,对名人字画收购尤为有用。并且可以通过纸质来判别名人字画的真假。那么如何通过纸质判别名人字画的真假呢?下面小编给大家介绍下。
In ancient times, famous people's calligraphy and paintings were usually on paper or silk. Therefore, if you can understand the silk and paper of the past dynasties, it is particularly useful to purchase famous calligraphy and painting. And we can judge the authenticity of celebrity calligraphy and painting by paper. So how to judge the authenticity of celebrity calligraphy and painting through paper? Let's introduce it to you.
1、中国绢的发明在纸之先,用绢来作书画的年代也比较早。不过绢有一个缺陷,就是保存的时间不像纸那么长。无论保存得有多好,不受任何意外损伤,只是空气的自然浸蚀,年代久远的绢就会变得糟脆。百年以上的绢,已经没有韧性了。明代初年的绢,至今已经腐败得不能碰触。而宋的绢,因裱托得比较好,目前还可见到,至于宋代以前的绢,虽然有,但也已经辨不出模样了。
1. The invention of Chinese silk was prior to paper, and the use of silk for painting and calligraphy was also relatively early. However, the silk has a defect that it does not last as long as paper. No matter how well preserved it is, it will not be damaged by any accident, but the natural erosion of the air will make the old silk brittle. Silk of more than 100 years has lost its toughness. Silk in the early Ming Dynasty has been so corrupt that it can not be touched. The silk of the Song Dynasty, because of its good mounting, can still be seen at present. As for the silk before the Song Dynasty, although there are, it has not been able to distinguish its appearance.
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2、宋代初年的绢,横竖皆单丝,不过横丝稍粗,看似双丝。宋代中叶,横竖丝粗细相同,但都比早期的丝线粗一些,颜色与深藏经纸色略同。元代的绢,横竖丝线仍然是单的,但丝线细而纹理稀。明初则竖丝为单而横丝变为双,丝线粗细均匀,密度整齐。清代,横竖丝都变为双丝,以前的单丝绢也不复存在。
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2. The silk in the early Song Dynasty was made of single silk both vertically and horizontally, but the horizontal silk was slightly thick and looked like double silk. In the middle of the Song Dynasty, the horizontal and vertical silk threads were the same in thickness, but they were thicker than those in the early period, and the color was slightly the same as that of the deep Tibetan Sutra paper. The silk of Yuan Dynasty is still single, but the silk thread is thin and the texture is thin. In the early Ming Dynasty, the vertical silk was single, while the horizontal one became double, with uniform thickness and uniform density. In the Qing Dynasty, both horizontal and vertical silk became double silk, and the former single silk no longer existed.
3、明以前的绢,传至今日,表面上已无亮光;丝上的绒毛,也已经完全褪掉。其颜色则内外如一。作伪者若用新绢,由横竖丝的粗细单双,即可辨别出来。有一种特制的元丝绢,从表面上看,与宋元的绢相似,但其表面上的光,以及丝上的绒毛,无论用什么方法,都不可能完全褪净;而且其颜色也是内外不同,不可能与绢完全一致。
3. Before the Ming Dynasty, the silk has no light on the surface, and the fluff on the silk has completely faded. Its color is the same inside and outside. If the counterfeiter uses new silk, it can be distinguished by the thickness of the horizontal and vertical silk, single and double. There is a special silk of Yuan Dynasty. On the surface, it is similar to the silk of song and Yuan Dynasties. However, the light on the surface and the fluff on the silk can not be completely faded by any method. Moreover, its color is also different inside and outside, so it can not be completely consistent with the silk.
4、纸的情况要复杂一些。宋代以前的纸,有若干种类,其材料是什么,都没有确切的记载。传世的古纸,主要有棉纸和麻纸。从表面上看,棉纸有点类似今日的宣纸。麻纸的纹理要比棉纸粗疏一些。棉纸和麻纸中都掺和有丝。棉纸丝短,麻纸丝长。有一种简便易行的方法可以鉴定纸的年代:取一旧纸,浸泡在水中,然后用针来挑。如果是宋纸,那么必然有很多称绒,而且无论如何破碎,仍然可以装裱。宋代以后的纸,则不可能这样。如果用显微镜观察,真纸并不平匀,膜皮如虫蚀之状,而且有一层白灰,若隐若现。其颜色则无论里外、凹凸,均系一致。伪造的绝代,因为是用颜色染成的,厚则深,薄则浅;里则淡,外则重;凸则有,凹则无。因为质地不同,其受色的程度必然不一样。
4. Paper is a little more complicated. Before the Song Dynasty, there were several kinds of paper. There was no exact record of what the materials were. Ancient paper handed down mainly includes cotton paper and hemp paper. On the surface, cotton paper is a bit similar to today's rice paper. The texture of linen paper is coarser than cotton paper. Cotton paper and hemp paper are mixed with silk. Cotton paper silk is short, hemp paper silk is long. There is a simple way to identify the age of paper: take an old paper, soak it in water, and pick it with a needle. If it is song paper, then there must be a lot of velvet, and no matter how broken, it can still be mounted. After the Song Dynasty, it was impossible for paper to do so. If observed with a microscope, the real paper is not even, the film is like insect erosion, and there is a layer of white ash, faintly visible. Its color is no matter inside and outside, concave and convex, are consistent. Because it is made of color, thick is deep, thin is light; inside is light, outside is heavy; convex is there, concave is not. Because the texture is different, the degree of its color must be different.
以上就是关于通过纸质判别名人字画真假的方式,希望对大家有所帮助。大家如果对此还有其他疑问的话可以随时联系我们!
The above is about how to judge the authenticity of celebrity calligraphy and painting through paper, hoping to help you. If you have any other questions, please contact us at any time!