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为何当代更偏爱写意画?

来源:http://www.jinandayatang.com 发布时间:2021-07-16

工笔画,顾名思义就是用工整、严谨的技法来描绘对象,比较客观地再现物体,工笔分为白描和重彩两种。白描就是用墨线类似于现代的速写,它和重彩的区别即是无设色。写意画是相对于工笔来说的,写意注重用笔,比较注重“写”的痕迹,意就是以形写神,写意画在笔墨中表达作者的情感,是画家对事物的一种主观的表达。
Fine brushwork, as the name suggests, is to use neat, rigorous techniques to describe the object, more objective representation of the object, fine brushwork is divided into two kinds of white and heavy color. Line drawing is similar to modern sketching in ink. It differs from heavy color in that it has no color. Freehand brushwork is relative to meticulous brushwork. Freehand brushwork pays more attention to the use of brushwork than to the traces of "writing". Freehand brushwork is to express the author's feelings in brushwork, which is a subjective expression of things by painters.
工笔画主要用线、色等来描绘,注重形体准确、细腻,利用熟宣纸,水墨不外渗,整齐规矩,运用工整、细致、缜密的技法来描绘对象,以其细腻的笔致,匀净的设色,从物态传出人情,融情思于自然。写意画则讲究笔墨变化、干湿浓淡、经营构图以及点线面组合等,追求画面及物体的神韵、气势、意味等,用粗放、简练的笔墨,画出对象的形神,来表达作者的意境,以纵逸的笔势,淋漓的水墨,寄豪情于笔端,托胸志于物态,挥洒激情。
Fine brushwork mainly uses lines, colors, etc. to depict, focusing on the accuracy and delicacy of the body. It uses cooked rice paper, ink and wash without extravasation, neat and regular. It uses neat, meticulous and meticulous techniques to depict the object. With its delicate brushwork and even colors, it spreads human feelings from the physical state and melts feelings into nature. Freehand brushwork pays attention to the change of brush and ink, the dry and wet shade, the composition and the combination of point, line and surface. It pursues the verve, momentum and meaning of pictures and objects. It uses extensive and concise brush and ink to draw the form and spirit of objects to express the author's artistic conception. With the unrestrained brush style and dripping ink, it expresses the pride in the end of the pen, holds the mind to the state of things, and displays passion.
在表现方法上,工笔画讲究工整细腻,讲究三矾九染,不漏笔痕,例如唐代的《簪花仕女图》等;写意画讲究笔墨意趣,注重表现画家的思想情感,追求笔墨效果.
In the way of expression, meticulous painting stresses on being neat and delicate, three alum and nine dye, and does not leave traces, such as the painting of beautiful ladies with hairpins in Tang Dynasty; Freehand brushwork pays attention to the interest of brushwork, the expression of the painter's thoughts and emotions, and the pursuit of brushwork effect
写意画代表了一种中国传统文化与哲理下所构成的审美艺术观,从形似到神似再到气韵,形成诗、书、画、印相融合的文人画体系。尤其近代出现摄影术之后,细腻的绘画方法和技巧都出现了变革,国际上的印象主义、表现主义等画派的创新,抽象、变形的艺术表现手法更加得到人们的关注和喜爱;在国内,相对抽象的写意画似乎更加顺应了时代的潮流和人们与时俱进的欣赏口味。
Freehand brushwork represents a traditional Chinese culture and philosophy under the composition of the aesthetic art, from the shape to the spirit and then to the charm, forming a system of poetry, calligraphy, painting, printing integration of literati painting. Especially after the emergence of photography in modern times, the delicate painting methods and techniques have changed. The innovation of Impressionism, expressionism and other painting schools in the world, and the abstract and distorted artistic expression techniques have been paid more attention to and loved by people; In China, the relatively abstract freehand brushwork seems to be more in line with the trend of the times and people's appreciation taste of keeping pace with the times.